Urinary System : Pathological Terminology and Associated Conditions
Pathological Terminology of Kidneys:
Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of the kidney glomerulus. It is also known as Bright’s disease.
Interstitial Nephritis is the inflammation of the renal interstitium.
Nephrolithiasis is the formation of stones in the kidneys (renal calculi).
A group of symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in the urine. It is also called as nephrosis.
Multiple fluid filled sacs (cyst) within and upon the kidney. Symptoms of polycystic kidneys are nephromegaly, hematuria, UTI, hypertension and uremia.
Pyelitis is the inflammation of renal pelvis. This common type of kidney disease is caused by bacterial infection.
Renal Cell Carcinoma:
Renal Carcinoma is the cancerous tumour of the kidney in adulthood. Symptoms of renal cell carcinoma include hematuria and the tumour metastasizes to the bone and the lungs.
Renal Failure is the inability of the kidneys to excrete urine.
Renal Hypertension is the high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease. It can cause arteriole walls in the kidney to become narrowed and thickened and this can produce glomerular ischemia, atrophy, and scarring of kidney tissue.
Wilm’s tumor is the malignant tumor of the kidneys occurring in the childhood.
Pathological terminology of Urinary Bladder:
Bladder Cancer is the malignant tumor of the urinary bladder.It is seen more frequently in men and in persons over 50, especially industrial workers who are exposed to dyes and leather. Symptoms of the bladder cancer include gross or microscopic hematuria and dysuria and increased urinary frequency.
Associated Pathological Conditions of the Urinary System:
Inadequate secretion or resistance of the kidney to action of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Symptoms of this diabetes insipidus are polydipsia and polyuria.
Inadequate secretion or improper utilization of insulin. Symptoms are glycosuria, hyperglycemia, polyurea and polydipsia.