Wheat Germ Oil : Source, Chemical Constituents and Uses
Morphology and Source of Wheat Germ Oil:
Wheat germ oil is a fixed oil obtained from wheat germ, Triticum aestivum belonging to the family Gramineae. It is extracted by solvent extraction or hydraulic expression.
Properties of Wheat Germ Oil:
Wheat germ oil is bland yellow in colour with a nut like odour and nut taste. It is miscible with solvents like ether, benzene and chloroform.
Chemical constituents of Wheat Germ Oil:
Wheat germ oil contains saturated fatty acids, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, oleic acid and unsaponifiable matter. Unsaponifiable matter mainly constitutes vitamin E.
Uses of Wheat Germ Oil:
- Wheat germ oil is used as a nutritional supplement.
- Wheat germ oil is chiefly a source of natural vitamin E and unsaturated fatty acids (vitamin F).