Neem : Medicinal Uses, Traditional Uses and Synonyms
Posted under Category : Health Fundas
Scientific Name of the Neem Tree
The scientific name of the neem tree is Azadirachta indica, that belongs to the family Meliaceae.
Neem Tree Morphology and Useful Parts
Neem tree is a fast growing valuable tree with many medicinal properties. All parts of the neem tree are very useful. Neem tree consists of thick foliage.
Neem tree grows to a height of about 30 meters and the trunk grows to a height of 2.5 meters.
Distribution of Neem Tree:
Neem tree is an evergreen tree distributed in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem tree is native to South Asia and has spread to all tropical areas of the world. Neem tree is native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Neem tree is also found in the Southern parts of Iran.
Wonderful Neem Tree:
Neem tree had been in use since many centuries for the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines.
Neem tree is being worshiped by the Hindus in many traditional festivals and occasions.
Neem is used as a pesticide, fertilizer and in traditional medicine of Ayurveda. Neem tree provides a thick shade and can be used for taking rest under the tree. The tree is thought to give good health by providing good amount of pure oxygen who rest under it.
Neem fruits and seeds are the source of the neem oil.
Commonly Used Neem Preparations: The commonly used neem preparations are
- Neem soaps and Shampoos
- Neem oils
- Neem powder
- Tooth pastes
- Neem Tea
Synonyms of Neem Tree:
- English : Indian lilac or Margosa
- Hindi : Neem
- Saskrit : Nimba, Arishta, Picumarda
- Oriya : Nimba, Arishta, Picumarda
- Telugu : Vepa
- Tamil : Vepamaram, Vembu
- Marathi : Kadu-Limba
- Bengali : Nimgachh, Nim
- Kannada : Hebbavu, Bevu
- Gujarati : Limdo
- Malayalam : Arya Veppu
- Punjabi : Nimm
- Nepali : Neem
- Arabic : Margosa, Neem
- Nigerian : Dongovaro
- Persian : Cherish, Azad Dirakht
- Urdu : Neem
Medicinal Uses of Neem Tree Parts:
- Neem tree has anti-oxidant properties.
- Neem helps to improve immunity in HIV patients and control the diseases.
- Neem is used to prevent the malaria.
- Neem has anti-septic and anti-fungal properties.
- Neem leaves have insect-repellant property and hence used as an insect repellant and controls mosquitoes and other insects.
- Neem protects the gums and teeth with its anti-septic property.
- Tender stems of the neem tree are used as a dentifrice for cleaning the teeth and tongue.
- Regular brushing with neem stem cures pyorrhea and prevents bad breath of the mouth.
- Neem protects the skin from skin diseases. Neem Extracts, oils, decoctions are used for skin infection.
- Neem oil is used for killing the head lice, even in dogs also.
- Neem oil is used in the treatment of wounds to repel flies as an external application.
- Neem is used to expel the worms and acts as an anthelmintic.
- Neem is antiviral and prevents the spread of viral diseases like Chicken pox and Small pox.
- Neem is also used in birth control. Neem oil is to be applied externally in the vagina that acts as a spermicidal agent and prevents pregnancy. Regular usage of Neem tea is said to prevent Pregnancy.
Traditional uses of Neem tree:
Neem twigs are tied in bunches in front of the house to prevent the spreading of the diseases like chicken pox, Small pox and other viral diseases. It also gives an indication that somebody is infected with a contagious disease and the twigs are tied for preventing the spread of the disease.
A bed is laid with Neem leaves to the patients affected with Small pox and Chicken pox.
Bunches of twigs are used as hand fans to the patients suffering with Smallpox or Chicken pox.
Hindus worship the village deities with Neem leaves.
Telugu people prepare special chutney with flowers of Neem on Telugu New Year’s day (Ugadi) along with other new materials Jaggery, tamarind and other fruits. First they offer this to God and eat later by all the family members and celebrate the festival.
The wood obtained from the Neem tree is used in the making of windows and front doors and is believed to be auspicious.
Neem leaves are mixed in the food grains to prevent insects spoiling it as an insect repellent.