Migraine : Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention


Migraine is a typical type of head ache characterized by severe throbbing pain on both sides of the head aggravated by movement of the body like walking associated usually with nausea and vomiting. The affected person will be sensitive to light and noise. The head ache lasts 2-3 days. Some times it is unilateral i.e. on one side of the head only with severe pain associated with blurred vision and appearance of black spots in the vision. It is more common in women than men. Some times it runs in families showing an hereditary nature. It is reported that certain foods and stress triggers the onset of the malady. Migraine recurs periodically. The migraine head ache attack some times gives warning signals called aura a disturbed vision with appearance of black spots in the vision. Some times it attacks are without any signals.

Causes of migraine:

The exact cause is not known. Stress and depression sometimes trigger migraine. Some women get this at the beginning of their menstruation. It is reported that it is due to increased blood flow to the brain. It is also known that certain foods like cheese, chocolates influence the onset of migraine.

Treatment of migraine:

Medical advice is necessary for treating the malady. Investigations like scanning of the brain will be done to eliminate other serious problems. Anti migraine drugs are usually prescribed by the doctors. Symptomatic treatment will be given for other associated conditions like vomiting and nausea.

Prevention of migraine attack:

  • Avoid triggering foods like chocolates and cheese.
  • Avoid missing of meals and regular life style is important. Good sleep is essential.
  • Mild exercise like walking and relaxation helps in preventing an attack.
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