Coriander : Medicinal Uses, Health Benefits and Synonyms

Coriander Leaf with Flowers

Coriander Leaf with Flowers

Morphology and Distribution of Coriander:

Coriander fruits are fully dried ripe fruits of the plant, Coriandrum sativum of the family Umbelliferae.

Coriander plant is cultivated in India in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.

Coriander is also cultivated in European countries like Russia, Hungary, Holland, Egypt and Morocco.

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In Andhra Pradesh, Coriander is cultivated in the districts of Guntur and Anantapur.

In Maharashtra coriander is cultivated in the districts of Jalgaon and Satara.

In West Bengal it is grown in the districts of Howrah and 24-Paragana.

Coriander Seeds Uses and Properties

Coriander Seeds Uses and Properties

Physical Properties of Coriander fruits:

Coriander fruits are yellowish brown to brown in colour with aromatic odour and spicy taste.

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Chemical constituents of Coriander:

Coriander fruits contains volatile oil, fixed oil and proteins. The chief component of the volatile oil is D-linalool (coriandrol) and coriandryl acetate.

It also contains minute amounts of L-borneol, geraniol and pinene. Coriander leaves contain Vitamin A (Retinol) in large quantities.

Medicinal Uses of Coriander:

  • Aromatic
  • Carminative
  • Stimulant
  • Flavouring agent
  • Coriander oil is used along with the purgatives to prevent gripping.
  • Coriander oil is an ingredient of compound spirit of orange and cascara elixir.
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Substituents of Coriander Fruits:

Coriander fruits are substituted by Bombay coriander fruits which contain less amount of volatile oil.

Synonyms of Coriander fruits in other Languages:

  • Bengali- Dhania
  • Gujrati- Konphir
  • Hindi- Dhania
  • Kannada- Kothambri
  • Marathi- Dhane
  • Sanskrit- Dhanika
  • Tamil- Kotamalli
  • Telugu- Daniyalu
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